School Attendance Review Board (SARB)
Every Day Counts
California’s compulsory education laws require children between six and eighteen years of age to attend school, with a limited number of specified exceptions. Under state law, a pupil who, without a valid excuse, is absent from school for three full days in one school year, or is tardy or absent for more than 30 minutes during the school day on three occasions in one school year, is considered truant. Once a student is designated a truant, state law requires schools, districts, counties, and courts to intervene to ensure that parents and pupils receive certain services to assist them in complying with attendance laws. When these various interventions fail—meaning parents or guardians still do not send a child to school or a student misses an unlawful amount of school—the matter is referred to the courts. Courts can then use penalties or other measures to seek compliance. Essentially, these various interventions exist to ensure that pupils remain in school and that a pattern is not established that could lead to their dropping out of school later in their educational career.
What happens when a truancy is reported?
School-Level Interventions. The school must: (1) report the truant pupil to the district’s attendance supervisor, (2) notify the parent or guardian that the pupil is truant, and (3) provide the pupil and parent with certain interventions—such as providing the pupil with counseling and tutoring and requiring the parent to attend a parenting class.
District-Level Interventions. If the school-level interventions are unsuccessful, the school district will refer the student and the parent to the district’s SARB or, if the district does not have a standing SARB, to the county office of education’s (COE) SARB. In either case, the SARB is composed of parents, representatives from the school district, and members of the community at large—including representatives from law enforcement, welfare and mental health agencies, youth services agencies, and the district attorney’s office. The SARB members work collaboratively to diagnose the problem and recommend solutions to overcome the specific circumstances that are contributing to truancy. If parents refuse to respond to SARB directives, the SARB may refer the case to the district attorney for legal interventions. Alternatively, school districts may bypass the district attorney’s office entirely and file against offenders in traffic court.
County and Court Interventions. In addition to a SARB, most COEs operate formal truancy mediation programs in coordination with the district attorney and/or county probation offices. A SARB may refer cases to these programs as a last intervention before the pupil or parent faces legal prosecution. Typically, it is only in the most egregious cases where these efforts are unsuccessful and legal action is subsequently pursued by the district attorney. When legal action is needed, district attorneys have three options they may use to prosecute offenders. As described in Figure 1, the penalties associated with these options vary in severity—ranging from community service or participation in a parent education program to one year in jail and a $2,000 fine.
2019-2020 SARB Board
- Bob White, A-TCAA Friday Night Live
- Jamie Kish, Center for Non-Violent Community
- Natalie Gray, Infant/Child Enrichment Serv. ICES
- Mark Dyken, Jamestown Family Resource Center
- Vanessa Hofmann, Me-Wuk Tribal Domestic Violence
- Diana Carpenter, Me-Wuk Tribal Social Worker
- Magdalena Bauman, Coordinator of Student Support TCSOS
- Rob Egger, TCSOS SARB Coordinator, Ed. Services
- Jessica Carter, TCSOS Alternative Education Counselor
- Rebecca Espino, Tuolumne Co. Dept. of Social Services
- Laurie Darby, Tuolumne Co. Social Services
- Loretta West, Tuolumne County Behavioral Health
- Steve Machado, Tuolumne County CHP
- Cori Allen, Tuolumne County CWS
- Reiko Craig, Tuolumne County CWS
- Kevin Ballard, Tuolumne County District Attorney’s Office
- Joelle Kewish, Tuolumne County Probation Dept.
- Lisa Heib-Stock, Tuolumne County Public Health
- Gordon Winningham, Tuolumne County Sheriff Dept
- Martha Stolp, Tuolumne Co. Supt. of Schools/Nurse
- Blaine Cowick, Tuolumne Co. Supt. of Schools/SELPA
- Colleen Whitlock, TCSOS Director, Student Support Services
- Michie Anderson, Tuolumne Co. CWS
- Patricia Denney, Tuolumne Co. Public Health
- Melissa Parrish, Tuolumne Co. Public Health
- Michelle Clark, Tuolumne County CWS
- Jen Carlson, Tuolumne Co. CWS
2019-2020 SARB Hearing Dates
All hearings take place at the Tuolumne County Superintendent of Schools Office, Room 217, on the 3rd Wednesday of the month except for December. There will be two SARB Hearings in September and May.
September 11, 2019
September 25, 2019
October 9, 2019
November 13, 2019
December 11, 2019
January 8, 2020
February 12, 2020
March 11, 2020
April 8, 2020
May 13, 2020
May 27, 2020